Vehicle registration tax increases with emissions and vehicle and engine size. Russian standards are based on European program for vehicle efficiency and emissions, adopting Euro 5 standards for both light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles since 2016. Sales incentives for more efficient vehicles are provided.
Emission standards for light-duty vehicles and heavy-duty engines are outlined in Resolution No. 609: Special Technical Regulations on Requirements for Emissions of Hazardous (Polluting) Substances by Vehicles.